of the Gulag
Silva and her sisters in Latvia, returning twice
In 1947, Silva and her sisters, as half-orphans, were allowed to return to Latvia. Arriving in Riga, they were placed in an orphanage and then with foster families. Their mother managed to escape and joined them secretly in Latvia. During the second mass deportation in 1950, the mother and her three daughters were sent back to Siberia. Silva did not finally return until 1956, when she was 17.