European Memories

of the Gulag

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Leaving the USSR – bureaucracy

Leaving the USSR was a long process, where various papers had to be obtained in order to have a status and cross the borders. Following documents are shown here:

  • Soviet exit visa for Poland
  • Transit visa from Poland to France via Germany
  • Refugee certificate issued by OFPRA
  • Refugee certificate issued to Micheline Herc by OFPRA (front)
  • Refugee certificate issued to Micheline Herc by OFPRA (back)
  • Transit visa to France via Germany (front)
  • Transit visa to France via Germany (back)

 

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