Liberation of displaced persons from Lithuania : Collective liberation — decrees concerning Lithuania

 

Collective liberation was carried out by decrees that corresponded to the special settlement decrees: they concerned some or all the categories listed in the latter, with some exceptions according to territory of origin (deportees from Ukraine, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia, for example, were omitted from the first decree relaxing deportation conditions). Below the main decrees concerning special settlers from Lithuania.

 

 1954

5/7

USSR Council of Ministers decree “On lifting certain restrictions on legal status of special settlers”

13/7

Cancellation of USSR Supreme Soviet Presidium decree of 26/11/1948 (“On criminal responsibility in case of escaping”)

16/7

Children of special settlers (up to 16 years old, if studying)

 

On lifting certain restrictions on special settlers (except family members of Anders’ Army soldiers, bandit accomplices and kulaks, displaced from Lithuania, Ukraine, … between 1945 and 1952)

13/8

On lifting special settlement restrictions on former kulaks and other categories.

2/12

Removal of special settlement status from participants in the Great Patriotic War, teachers, lone invalids, etc.

16/12

Removal of special settlement status from Germans and their family members, displaced during the Great Patriotic War

1955

19/3

Removal of special settlement status from family members of people removed from that status in previous decrees

 

Exiles assigned to special settlements after serving sentences for particularly serious crimes against the State, if their family is not assigned to special settlements

 

People leaving for repatriation to Poland

9/5

Removing special settler status from Party members and candidates, and their family members

29/6

“Measures for the intensification of mass political agitation among special settlers”

17/9

“On amnesty for Soviet citizens who collaborated with the occupiers during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945

24/11

USSR Council of Ministers decree no. 1963-1052-c “Concerning the removal of certain categories of special settlers from the special settlement register”

1956

1957

21/1

Lithuanian SSR Supreme Soviet Presidium decree “On banning former leaders of Lithuanian bourgeois governments and bourgeois political parties, active members of Lithuanian nationalist underground organizations, leaders of anti-Soviet organizations, convicts and discharged convicts, from returning to the Lithuanian SSR”

1958

1/4

“On lifting restrictions on persons elected to town councils, etc.”

22/5

“On lifting restrictions on national underground accomplices and their family members”

 

“On lifting restrictions on former kulaks and their family members”

 

“On lifting restrictions on family members of former landowners, industrialists, etc.”

Without the right of return to the place they were deported from

7/8

Former soldiers of Anders’ Army and their family members

1960

7/1

Family members of leaders and members of nationalist underground and nationalist gangs, displaced from Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia; former shopkeepers, landowners, industrialists, members of bourgeois governments (without the right of return to the place they were deported from)

1961

18/4

Former members of the nationalist underground and nationalist armed gangs, sentenced for crimes committed before they were 18 years old, with the right of return to the place they were living before they were displaced

1963

6/12

Leaders and members of nationalist underground and armed gangs

1964

24/4

Former members of underground nationalist organizations (sentenced by decree of the Special Commission of NKVD/NKGB/MGB/MVD of the USSR)

1965

30/09

“Jehovah’s Witnesses”,  “True Orthodox Christians”, “Reformed Adventists”, “Inochentists”, and their family members

Sources: Selected decrees and the summary in LYA, f. V-135, op. 7, d. 549, ll. 3-5. The English translation is based partly on Pavel Polian, Against Their Will: The History and Geography of Forced Migrations in the USSR, CEU Press, Budapest, 2004, pp. 335-372